Vegetable Plant Families


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This information is helpful when planning crop rotations. Do not plant members of the same family in the same bed or row every year. A minimum three year rotation among families is advised.

Allium or onion family (Amaryllidacea or Alliaceae): onions, garlic, leeks, scallions, chives, garlic chives, shallots

Brassica or mustard family (Brassicaceae): broccoli, cauliflower, kale, cabbage, broccoli raab, brussel sprouts, kohlrabi, collards, rutabaga, turnip, horseradish, radish, cress, mustard, watercress

Carrot family (Apiaceae or Umbelliferae): parsley, celery, fennel, carrots, dill, chervil, cilantro, parsnip, cumin, angelica

Cucurbit (Cucurbitaceae) family: squash, cucumbers, pumpkins, melons, gourds

Daisy family (Asteraceae or Compositae) family: lettuce, endive, escarole, cardoon, artichoke, sunflower, Jerusalem artichoke

Goosefoot family (Chenapodiaceae): Swiss chard, beets, spinach, quinoa, amaranth, lamb’s quarters

Gramineae (Grass) family: corn

Hibiscus family (Malvaceae): okra

Legumes (Leguminosae): peas, beans, soybeans, peanuts, lentils, clover

Mint family (Labiateae): basil, mints

Morning glory family (Convolvulacea): sweet potato

Nightshade Family (Solanaceae): tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, potatoes, tomatillos, tobacco, Nicotiana, Brugmansia, Datura

Rhubarb family (Polygonaceae): sorrel, rhubarb